In a previous post I talked about the benefits of using perlite and vermiculite in your potting compost. One of the things I had learned was that you can grow seeds directly in either of them without the need for any compost. So I decided to test the theory by trying just that. So, here are my pots, one of each, and in each are 4 seeds each of tomatoes. I know it’s to late in the season, I am not expecting them to produce me any tomatoes. I just want to see if the seeds will grow till their first true leaves appear.
I have my doubts, my guess is perlite won’t do anything and vermiculite, if one does germinate will not last very long.
I’ll post again if and when I see any little shoots coming up.
When I started my garden I got all excited and got loads of stuff without really knowing what it was or why I needed it. You know how it is you go to the garden centre to get yourself a bag of compost, the next minute your leaving with 3 bags of compost, 10 packs of seeds, a new hose attachment, a cold frame, a new pair of gloves, 6 packs of bulbs and a bug house made of bamboo. Well on one of these trips I bought a bag each of perlite and vermiculite. I was going to get one but after about 20 minutes of going back and forth I just surrendered to the inevitable and bought both.
For a while I have put both into my pots and to be honest can’t say I have seen any difference. So I decided to actually do a little research and what I found shocked me to my very core… Not really but it was quite interesting… Ok this may not be that interesting but it will help me growing a few better plants. Now I know that they each work differently for different plants so you cannot actually compare the two.
Perlite for instance is a porous volcanic rock, it absorbs a lot of water due to its large surface area but allows excess water to drain. Being porous Perlite also holds air which helps aerate the soil.
Vermiculite on the other hand is an aluminium-iron-magnesium silicate “silicate minerals are rock-forming minerals, constituting approximately 90 percent of the crust of the Earth”.- Wikipedia. It can absorb up to 4 times its volume in water as well as attracting plant nutrients. It acts like a sponge and holds much more water than perlite but allows less aeration. It holds this moisture longer than perlite and keeps it close to the roots. It also means it absorbs excess moisture from around the root to stop mildew. Less watering is needed the more vermiculite you use.
You can actually grow most plants from seed in just perlite or vermiculite. Both holds enough moisture and allows in enough air to be used as a potting medium. They don’t provide any nutrients though so some form of fertiliser will be needed to be added once the plants start their first true leaves. It looks like vermiculite would be better for this as it holds onto the water longer. Perlite would dry out a lot quicker and need much more attention. I think I may give this a go I might pick some seeds and grow them; one in just perlite, one in just vermiculite, one in perlite-compost mix and one in vermiculite-compost mix.
From what I have learned I think vermiculite is better for plants as it holds water and nutrients close to the roots. Perlite is good for the soil\compost as it would help drainage and allow more air into it.
So I have grown tomatoes before and never really realised that they have grown differently. Some have just grown without any help and others have needed some guidance and gentle persuasion to even stand a chance of surviving let alone produce any fruit.
Last year my tomatoes failed miserably. Looking back now I know they were Indeterminate varietys. I expected them to grow into happy little bushes (sorry been watching Bob Ross) that I could just water and they would in turn grow a bountiful crop of lovely tomatoes. Instead what I got was a huge tangled mess that because they were in a raised bed and I didn’t think to build a frame to let them grow up and be supported everything started to rot as no air was getting inside.
Here is a good graphic that I found on fix.com that explains it.
As space is an issue I think that indeterminate are best for me. I want tomatoes all season so determinate will take up too much space as I will need lots of plants to keep me going. I need to find out how to prune them what to cut what not to. I’ll do another post on what I find out.
“New year, new start” I said. “Time for a change” I said.. Yeah well I think you know where I’m going with this. My blogging lasted a few weeks, learning Spanish lasted as long as it takes to say “No hablo español” and my veg garden, well lets say I used a broken pane of glass in the greenhouse which broke in a storm as an excuse not to be able to grow anything in there.
Well here we are half way through the year and i’m going to try again. Part of me thinks whats the point (that’s the lazy half that wants to play video games and eat chocolate and fried chicken) I’ve tried so many times why would this time be any different. Then the other half says “If I stop trying then it means I’ve given up!” well I haven’t given up. I am going to change! I am going to get this blog off the ground, I am going to learn Spanish and my kids will eat something this year that has been grown in the garden.